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  • Do you have difficulties recognising faces?
  • Do you recognise people by their hairstyle or voice?
  • Do you have ‘bad memory for faces’?
  • Do you find it hard to recognise the facial expressions of others? 

Welcome to troublewithfaces.orgThis is a new initiative on face recognition difficulties across a variety of conditions, led by a group of researchers trying to better understand how people recognise faces and understand expressions. 

In particular, we are interested in the mechanisms underlying these difficulties in developmental prosopagnosia, autism and alexithymia. While these conditions are unrelated, and rarely co-occur, each is associated with characteristic face perception difficulties. If you think you might have any of these conditions, and would like to find out more, or take part in our research, we would be delighted to hear from you.


Please register your details with us and we will be in touch.

What is developmental prosopagnosia?

Around 2% of the general population are born with developmental prosopagnosia (so-called 'face blindness'); a condition characterised by difficulties recognising faces. People with developmental prosopagnosia often use non-face cues to recognise others, such as their hairstyle, clothes, voice, or distinctive features. Sometimes individuals are unaware they have the condition, instead believing they have 'bad memory for faces'. In fact, prosopagnosia is entirely unrelated to intelligence or broader memory ability. The condition is unrelated to alexithymia and the majority of prosopagnosics recognise facial expressions without any difficulty. For an approximate indication of your face recognition ability, you can complete our free famous faces test and/or our new PI-20 questionnaire

What is alexithymia?

Alexithymia is a condition characterised by difficulties recognising, distinguishing and describing feelings from the bodily sensations of emotional arousal. Crucially, however, research conducted by ourselves and others suggests that alexithymia is associated with impaired recognition of others' emotional expressions. The incidence of alexithymia in the general population is thought to be 5-10%, however studies suggest severe degrees of alexithymia in at least 50% of individuals with autism. Despite having problems recognising facial expressions, individuals with alexithymia typically recognise facial identity without any difficulty. Alexithymia can be measured by completing a simple questionnaire. We will email you with more details after it is completed.